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Fascinating Facts About the World’s Most Iconic Landforms

Uncategorized By Mar 19, 2023

Landforms are natural physical features that result from various natural forces and processes. The world is home to many iconic landforms, such as Mount Everest, the Grand Canyon, and the Sahara Desert. Mount Everest is the world’s tallest mountain, and the Grand Canyon is a massive canyon that’s 277 miles long. The Sahara Desert is the largest hot desert in the world, covering an area of around 3.6 million square miles. Landforms are essential because they shape the planet’s surface, provide natural resources and habitats for various creatures and influence the climate, playing a crucial role in shaping the global ecosystem.

Fascinating Facts About the World’s Most Iconic Landforms

Landforms are an essential feature of the Earth’s surface. They are the natural physical features that comprise various shapes, sizes, and forms, which result from the interaction between various natural forces and processes. From towering mountains, rocky cliffs, deep canyons to expansive deserts, there’s no shortage of fascinating landforms around the world. Here, we take a closer look at some of the world’s most iconic landforms and the interesting facts surrounding them.

Mount Everest

Located in the Himalayas, Mount Everest is the world’s tallest mountain, standing at a staggering 29,029 feet (8,848 meters) above sea level. Here are some fascinating facts about this iconic landmark.

  1. It was named after Sir George Everest, a British surveyor who never actually climbed the mountain.
  2. The summit of Mount Everest is made of marine limestone, formed under the ocean millions of years ago.
  3. More than 4,000 climbers have attempted to reach the summit since 1953, and over 290 have died in the process.
  4. Mount Everest is getting taller each year by about 0.16 inches(0.4cm) due to the shifting tectonic plates below.
  5. While it’s commonly known as Mount Everest, the indigenous name for the mountain is Chomolungma, which translates to “Goddess Mother of the World” in Tibetan.

Grand Canyon

The Grand Canyon is one of America’s most popular tourist destinations and is located in Arizona. Let’s check out some fascinating facts about this iconic landmark.

  1. It’s 277 miles (443 kilometers) long, up to 18 miles (29 kilometers) wide, and over a mile deep (1.6 kilometers).
  2. The Grand Canyon is not the deepest canyon in the world, but it is considered the most beautiful.
  3. It was created by the Colorado River, which flows through it for more than 270 miles (435 kilometers).
  4. The terraced walls of the Grand Canyon were formed by millions of years of erosion caused by rainwater, wind, and the Colorado River.
  5. Over five million people visit the Grand Canyon each year, making it one of the most visited tourist destinations in the world.

Sahara Desert

The Sahara Desert is the largest hot desert in the world, stretching across many African countries. Here are some fascinating facts about this iconic landmark.

  1. It’s the world’s largest hot desert, covering an area of around 3.6 million square miles (9.4 million square kilometers).
  2. The Sahara receives less than three inches (eight centimeters) of precipitation each year.
  3. The Sahara was not always a desert; millions of years ago, it was once a lush and green landscape.
  4. The name Sahara comes from the Arabic word for “desert.”
  5. Temperatures in the Sahara Desert often exceed 120°F (49°C) during the daytime, and it can drop significantly at night.

FAQs

What is a landform?

A landform is a natural physical feature that is the result of the interaction between natural forces and processes.

What is the world’s tallest mountain?

Mount Everest, standing at a staggering 29,029 feet (8,848 meters) above sea level, is the world’s tallest mountain.

What is the Grand Canyon?

The Grand Canyon is a natural wonder located in the state of Arizona in the United States. It’s a massive canyon that’s 277 miles (443 kilometers) long, up to 18 miles (29 kilometers) wide, and over a mile deep (1.6 kilometers).

What is the Sahara Desert?

The Sahara Desert is the largest hot desert in the world, covering an area of around 3.6 million square miles (9.4 million square kilometers). This desert stretches across many African countries.

Are landforms geographically important?

Yes, landforms are essential because they shape the planet’s surface and provide natural resources, habitats, and ecosystems for various plants and animals. They also influence the climate and play a crucial role in shaping the global ecosystem.

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